AttentionDeficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Medication and Therapy

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Attention DeficitHyperactivity Disorder or also known as ADHD, in short, is a behavioraldisorder which has symptoms such as impulsiveness, inattentiveness, andimpulsiveness. This disorder is mostly noticed at a young age, mostly at theage of 6 to 12 years old, and may become more noticeable when a child’scircumstances have changed, like starting school.

ADHD symptoms usually improve as one age, however, there are many adults that are diagnosed with the disorder and still continues to experience problems. Thus, medications and treatments are available to avoid such circumstances. This article will help you know on the medications and treatments available for this disorder so read on ahead to know more.

Medications

Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can be managed through the medication suggested by a medical practitioner, and there are five types of medication which are licensed for the treatment of ADHD. These are atomoxetine, dexamfetamine, guanfacine, lisdexamfetamine, and methylphenidate.

Atomoxetine

This is a selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) which increases the amount of noradrenaline, a chemical in the brain which passes messages between brain cells that increases the concentration of the patient and helps in controlling impulses. This medication is offered to children over the age of 5 (if it’s impossible to use methylphenidate or lisdexamfetamine), teenagers, and adults.

The common side effects of atomoxetine include a small increase in blood pressure and heart rate, stomach aches, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, headaches, trouble sleeping, and irritability. There might also be suicidal thoughts, thus if you or your child is starting to feel depressed while taking this medication then speak to your doctor.

Dexamfetamine

This medication is similar to lisdexamfetamine and works the same way. This is usually taken as a tablet once or twice a day but there is also an oral solution available. Dexamfetamine may be offered to children over the age of 5, teenagers, and adults.

The common side effects of this drug are decreased appetite, nausea, and vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, dizziness, mood swings, agitation, and aggression.

Guanfacine

Guanfacine is usually taken once a day in the morning or in the evening as a tablet. This medication acts on part of the brain that improves attention, which also reduces blood pressure.  It may be offered to children over the age of 5 and teenagers.

The common side effects of this medication are fatigue or tiredness, headache, dry mouth, and abdominal pain.

Lisdexamfetamine

This drug is a central nervous system stimulant which affects the chemicals in the brain and nerves that contributes to impulse control and hyperactivity. Both lisdexamfetamine and dexamfetamine works the same way and may be offered to children 6 years of age with ADHD and teenagers.

For children, at least 6 weeks of treatment with methylphenidate before taking lisdexamfetamine should be done before taking this drug if methylphenidate did not help. This is in a form of a capsule and is taken once a day with common side effects such as decreased appetite, drowsiness, aggression, dizziness, headaches, and nausea and vomiting.

Methylphenidate

This is the most commonly used medication for ADHD which belongs to the group of stimulants by increasing the activity in the brain, particularly in the areas that play a part in controlling behavior and attention. This is offered to children of 6 years old, teenagers, and adults with ADHD.

This medication can be taken either in small doses immediate-release tablets or as modified-release tablets that are taken once a day in the morning. Its common side effects are a small increase in blood pressure and heart rate, trouble sleeping, loss of appetite, headaches, mood swings, and stomach aches.

Therapy

Therapy’s treatments focus on changing behavior, and here are the therapies that modify behavior which teaches ways to replace bad behaviors with good ones.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy or counseling is a way which helps someone with ADHD to learn a better way of handling their emotions and frustrations. This type of therapy may also help in improving their self-esteem. Additionally, counseling can also be of help to the family members of the patient to help better understand the child or adult which has ADHD.

Social Skills Training

Social skills training may help teach behaviors such as sharing and taking turns. What happens here is a role-play situation that aims to teach them on how to behave in social situations, which then makes them learn that their behavior affects others.

Support Groups

Support groups with people that have similar problems and needs help can aid someone with acceptance and support. This is also a way to provide more knowledge about ADHD.

Takeaway

ADHD can be passed through with the support and help from family members, as what others always say, it takes two to tango. This is why understanding the medications and basics of ADHD is a must.  In learning more about medications, you should opt to read some books or visit sites that discusses medications like pharmaquotes.com.